Child Maintenance Solicitors
A Guide to Child Maintenance
Our specialist child maintenance solicitors can help you through a difficult separation where you will need to consider how much the other parent should contribute to the care and upbringing of your child.
Maria Kitsiou Partner
“A family team that is able to offer the highest level of expertise across the family law spectrum from high-net-worth finances through to care proceedings and children matters.”
“I consider the firm to be very experienced in child care cases and to provide a very professional and high standard of work”
If you are a parent going through a separation, then you will need to consider the arrangements for your child such as who they will live with and how much time they will spend with the other parent. You may decide to share the care or the child may live with one parent and spend time with the other. In that later scenario you will need to consider how much the other parent should contribute to their care and upbringing. On this page, we explain the rules about child maintenance and how solicitors can help you get the best possible outcome for your children.
What is child maintenance?
Child maintenance is a regular payment made by one parent to cover the child/ren’s everyday living costs.. This can includes things like food, clothes and housing. It can also cover expenses like childcare and extra-curricular activities.
Who is entitled to child maintenance?
Child maintenance is paid by the parent who does not have responsibility for the day-to-day care of the child (also referred to as the non-resident parent) to the parent who does. In situations where the child is looked after by someone other than their parents, the child maintenance can be paid to a grandparent, relative or guardian. Child maintenance is not payable if there is an equal, shared care arrangement between the parents.
How much child maintenance should be paid?
There is no set amount of child maintenance that must be paid. It depends on how much money the paying parent earns as well as how many children they have, whether they are paying maintenance for other children, and the amount of time the child spends with them.
The Child Maintenance Service (CMS) uses a statutory formula to calculate child maintenance payments based on the non-resident parent’s gross weekly income. There are allowances and set rates if the non-resident parent earns under £200 gross per week.
Where a parent earns over £200 per week gross, the calculation is as follows:
- 12% of gross weekly income for one child
- 16% of gross weekly income for two children
- 19% of gross weekly income for three or more children
However, if the non-resident parent earns over £41,600 gross per year, then the first £800 in weekly gross income is calculated as above and the remainder is calculated as follows:
- 9% of gross weekly income for one child
- 12% of gross weekly income for two children
- 15% of gross weekly income for three or more children
Then the two are added together. You can use the calculator on the government’s website to get an estimate of how much child maintenance should be paid under the standard formula.
However, it’s important to understand that the CMS formula is only the starting point. Parents are free to make their own arrangements which do not have to follow the formula. This is known as a family-based arrangement.
How long is child maintenance paid for?
Child maintenance is usually paid until the child reaches the age of 16, or up to 20 if they are still in full-time education. It may be paid for longer if the child has a disability.
Other factors can also impact if a child maintenance payment should stop or the amount should change. For example, it’s possible to adjust the payments if the receiving parent stops being the primary carer or if there is a change in the financial circumstances of the paying parent.
How do I make a family-based arrangement?
A family-based arrangement is a private agreement between the parents that sets out how much child maintenance will be paid and when it will be paid. As it is a private arrangement between the parents you don’t need to involve Solicitors or the CMS, however you can agree to record your intention in a Separation Agreement if you wish which can be drafted by a Solicitor.
The advantage of making a family-based arrangement is that it can be tailored to the specific needs of the family. For example, it can take into account the income of both parents and any other financial commitments they have. You can also agree to pay in excess of the child maintenance calculation.
It can also be flexible about when payments are made and to whom they are paid. While child maintenance is normally paid to the primary caregiver, you may decide to make the payments directly to an older child who is in full-time education, for example.
Is a family-based arrangement legally binding?
No, a family-based arrangement is a private arrangement that does not involve the courts or the CMS.
What if we cannot agree on the amount of child maintenance?
Mediation can help parents try to agree a fair level of child maintenance. This is where an impartial third party will try to assist you and the other parent in reaching an agreement. At Osbornes we have a number of specially trained mediators who can assist.
If mediation is unsuccessful, then you can ask the Child Maintenance Service to assist. CMS can work out a legally enforceable amount of child maintenance using the statutory formula. They can also support you by collecting the payments from the paying parent and passing them onto the parent with care, although there is a fee for this.
Can you apply to the court for child maintenance?
In most instances, it is not possible to apply to the court for child maintenance. Instead, child maintenance should be agreed through a private arrangement or through the Child Maintenance Service. However, if you are getting divorced and have reached an agreement regarding the amount of child maintenance you can record this in your Financial Consent Order. However, please be aware that the Court only has jurisdiction to enforce child maintenance for 12 months, after that date the CMS has jurisdiction and you will not be able to enforce the child maintenance through the Court. You will have to make an application to the CMS.
You can apply to the court for a ‘top-up order’ if the paying parent is a high earner (over £156,000 gross per year) or if the child has additional needs due to a disability, among other things. This means you will receive additional payments on top of the payments calculated by the CMS. However, the CMS will need to have made an assessment first.
A family lawyer can advise you on whether a court application is the best option for your family and can help you apply for one.
What if the paying parent doesn’t pay?
If the paying parent does not make the agreed payments, then you may contact the CMS. The CMS has various powers to administer child maintenance payments, including the power to ‘Collect and Pay’ where the CMS collects the monthly payments from the paying parent and passes them to the receiving parent. The CMS also has the power to collect a lump sum for any back payments that are owed (only when a CMS application has been made).
Can I appeal or challenge the CMS’ decision?
If you do not believe the calculation is correct you can appeal but first, you must ask for mandatory reconsideration which is where the CMS reconsider the calculation. If you still wish to challenge it, you can apply to the Social Security and Child Support Tribunal within one month. You can apply out of time but you will need to give your reasons for doing so.
The family team at Osbornes are expert in child maintenance cases. We can advise you on the best course of action for your family and help you to reach a fair and legally binding agreement. To learn more, please get in touch and we will be happy to help with anything you need.
Find out more about our other children law services:
Speak to a Child Maintenance Solicitor
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Osbornes have been a sound firm forever. They have phenomenal work and an excellent skill set.
They have high-end partners doing high-end work. They are very impressive.
They have an excellent practice; they are top quality across the board.
Osbornes have a very broad family practice which does all areas of family law at a high level.
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Lisa Pepper is extremely hard-working and adored by her clients. She is a very empathetic and approachable lawyer.
She’s an extremely supportive and kind lawyer and has an increasing mediation profile too
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Andrew secured me the best financial settlement for my claim. He is a credit to Osbornes Solicitors.
"It has a strong and experienced team of solicitors who don’t take bad points, work sensibly to get a settlement and who you can always pick up the phone and speak to. They are good lawyers and know the strengths and weaknesses of their clients’ cases. They don’t posture and always pursue their clients cases appropriately. "
"Mark Freedman is a very capable lawyer, renowned for not being a pushover and pushing his clients’ cases as much as he can, but will always talk sensibly about settlement. He is among the best – tenacious, good judgment and tactically aware."
"Mark Freedman is a dynamic and highly experienced family lawyer who fights extremely hard for his clients and is always in their corner, thus ensuring their loyalty and confidence. In a trial you would always want him on your side."
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"She has impressed me as someone who fights my corner but also understands the importance of resolving issues without unnecessary escalation. She is calm and reassuring."
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"Osbornes is pre-eminent for family law in North London. Mark Freedman is a real rainmaker. He is an excellent lawyer and has a top-notch practice"
Mark Freedman is intelligent and personable and has a good selection of high-net work cases.
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Mark Freedman is a serious player. A fearless family law litigator, who protects his clients’ interests passionately.
Breadth of knowledge and willingness to go the extra mile is what makes it stand out. Mark Freedman – devoted to his clients
Mark Freedman frequently takes on high-value financial and children proceedings that involve complex tax, trust and accounting issues. Sources praise the "tenacity and common sense" he brings to challenging disputes.
"Mark is very experienced, competent, good with clients and takes a sensible approach to cases. He knows exactly what he's doing."
Bridget Thompson is a public law specialist noted for her extensive practice in matters involving alternative families and adoption. An interviewee observes: "She's a fighter, she's clever, and she understands all aspects of a case."
Lisa Pepper is particularly recognised for her role as a mediator in complex cross-border disputes. Her practice also includes handling prenuptial agreements and issues arising from the dissolution of civil partnerships.
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"Well-regarded family practice assisting clients with substantial matrimonial disputes and sensitive children proceedings."
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Bridget Thompson heads the family team, where client care is the top priority.
Mark Freedman advises high-net-worth clients and knows his stuff.
Highly regarded for his experience as a litigation and mediation expertise, Mark Freedman is tenacious and determined. Clients really feel that he is fighting their corner.
Simone McGrath is a highly knowledgeable practitioner with a focus on international child abduction matters. She has a large expertise in public and private law.
[The Family Law department] handles significant matrimonial finance cases and complex nuptial agreements. Respected for its expertise in cross-border children law matters.
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Simone McGrath handles international child abduction cases and challenging care proceedings relating to non-accidental injuries.
"Mark Freedman receives a lot of instructions from clients based abroad, often relating to complex divorce proceedings. Sources say: “His main strengths are his enthusiastic passion for the job in hand and his total dedication to his clients.”
This team is perhaps best known for its children work, often involving complex international dynamics.
Naomi Angell leads the market in cross-border children law matters. Sources confirm that she is "at the cutting edge of changing law and policy" when it comes to international adoption
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